We are passionate about innovation | Research project “Innovative Mobility Technologies”
As part of the technology transfer program “Innovative Mobility Technologies”, the state supports projects for small and medium-sized companies. This project aims to support the transfer of innovation and knowledge in the areas of digitization and electrification across industry boundaries. The program is part of the state government’s “Mobility Offensive” (MoM) and is supported jointly by the Ministry of Economics, Labor and Housing and the state agency for new mobility solutions and automotive, e-mobil BW. Bright Testing is THERE! We are participating in this project together with Rosswag Engineering GmbH and Fraunhofer ICT.
In the course of global CO2 legislation and the potential introduction of “zero-emission areas”, the degree of electrification of vehicles, especially in the area of individual mobility and short-haul vehicles, will increase in the coming years.
However, the internal combustion engine will remain the dominant source of propulsion for the foreseeable future. By carefully optimizing the operating and construction parameters, there is still a certain potential to improve the efficiency in its lower partial load operation, but if the combustion process remains the same, these measures will not bring about any further improvements in the full load range.
However, an improvement in efficiency through the recuperation of the so-called “loss energy flows” can be achieved through the use of residual heat utilization technologies.
The increasing degree of electrification of the vehicles up to the regions of a mild hybrid opens up new degrees of freedom, in particular with regard to the temporal decoupling due to the existing battery systems, for the recuperation of the residual heat.
The challenge is to combine the various systems for using residual heat in a vehicle in a meaningful way.
An expansion machine that is suitable for mobile applications and the Rankine process is used to convert the energy. A constant pressure turbine, as it is to be developed here, has the advantages of a compact design and the associated weight savings as well as a lubricant-free mode of operation in the work area. This is necessary because a pure fluid is required for the process with Ruths storage, which has a pure substance behavior in the two-phase area. The impulse turbine to be developed works at a low power level in the single-digit kilowatt range that is adapted to the available heat.
For the implementation of the constant pressure turbine, the impeller should be equipped with thin-walled blades for high efficiency of the turbine. Thanks to the new SLM production technologies and a suitable choice of materials, both requirements can be taken into account at the same time. Furthermore, the freedom of design of the components to be manufactured can be used positively by the SLM process and thus the disadvantages of the primary shaping process, such as avoiding undercuts, can be partially compensated for.
Participants in the research project are:
BRIGHT Testing GmbH
Rosswag Engineering GmbH
Here is a video from the technology transfer program “Innovative Mobility Technologies”: